|Natural looking stream crossing|
“Stream and river crossings present a challenge to trail managers who need to balance difficulty levels, safety, convenience, cost, environmental consequences, and aesthetics. Each kind of water crossing has consequences for the recreation experience and the lands being accessed.” – Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook
A shallow stream ford is a crossing that will last for a long time with minimal maintenance and will provide a relatively low challenge to users. These crossings are best constructed at wider and shallower sections of a stream. The stream floor at the crossing is leveled so a knee-deep crossing is consistent. If water is shallower, rocks can be placed at intervals for stepping stones in the stream. Advantages of a shallow stream ford are they are low cost and are more challenging for the hiker than a dry crossing.
|Trail stream crossing|
|Culvert (Photo credit: Wikipedia)|
|Single log bridge construction with handrail|
Next: Trail Science 105 – Other trail elements